Grenzgipfel means “Border summit”: this peak marks the highest point on the border between Switzerland and Italy. The mountain is part of the Monte Rosa massif.

4,618 m

First ascent
1 August 1855

First climbed by
Charles Hudson, John Birkbeck, Christopher Smyth, James G. Smyth, Edward J.W. Stevenson, Ulrich Lauener, Johannes Zumtaugwald, Matthäus Zumtaugwald

Tip for visitors

  • Gornergrat

Tips for hikers

  • Gornergrat: Sonnenweg trail, Rotenboden - Riffelberg

Grenzgipfel: tips for mountaineers

  • Mountain guide necessary
  • Depending on fitness levels, suitable for single or multiple ascents in the Monte Rosa massif
  • Medium difficulty

One of four 4,000-metre peaks
The ridge leading to the Dufourspitze, the highest summit in Switzerland, has four crests: the Schulter, the Grenzgipfel, the Dunantspitze (Ostspitze) and the Dufourspitze itself. The first ascent of the Grenzgipfel was thus also the first ascent of the Dufourspitze. The insignificant 4,000-metre peak on the route to the Dufourspitze has often been confused with others on maps and in guidebooks.

Charles Hudson, one of the climbers on the first ascent, was to die ten years later during the first ascent of the Matterhorn (see Matterhorn entry).

Monte Rosa massif
The Monte Rosa massif has about ten peaks higher than 4,000 m: Dunantspitze (Ostspitze), Dufourspitze, Grenzgipfel, Ludwigshöhe, Nordend, Parrotspitze, Schwarzhorn, Signalkuppe, Vincent Pyramid, Zumsteinspitze.



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