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In the midst of 38 4000

Zermatt was discovered in the middle of the 19th century, in the golden age of high alpinism. Almost one-third of all the 4,000 metre peaks in the Alps are grouped around the village, which has been visited by mountaineers from all around the world since the first ascent of the Matterhorn in the year 1865. A myth was born at that time: the names of Zermatt and the Matterhorn became known all around the world, and Zermatt was regarded as the Mecca of the mountaineers.

And it has remained so up to the present day: more than 3,000 alpinists climb the Matterhorn every year, which is several time more than all the other 37 summits combined. But every summit around Zermatt has its individual character, its history, its myths. Learn about all our beautiful mountains on this page!


The Dom is a massive and impressive mountain in the central axis of the Mischabel group, lying between the Täschhorn and the Lenzspitze. It is the highest mountain in Switzerland that lies completely on Swiss territory and, after Mont Blanc and the Monte Rosa (Dufourspitze, Nordend, Zumstein and Signalkuppe), is the third highest summit in the Alps. It can also be climbed on skis. The first ascent on skis was carried out on the 18th July 1917 by the Briton Sir Arnold Lunn, together with the mountain guide Joseph Knubel, the first person to climb the North Face of the Eiger.
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The Dufour peak is the highest summit in Switzerland and one of the nine main summits of the Monte Rosa Massif. It competes with the Dom, the highest mountain located entirely on Swiss soil. The 150 year anniversary was celebrated in 2005: Federal Councillor Joseph Deiss, together with Zermatt mountain guides who were descendants from the first conquerors of the mountain, climbed from the old Monte Rosa cabin to the peak in a seven hour tour. There he met up with the Italian minister of agriculture Giovanni Alemanno.
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The Felikhorn is an inconspicuous 4000-metre peak. It is located to the south-west of the Felikjoch, which can be reached in three hours from the New Monte Rosa cabin or in one and a half hours from the CAI cabin Rifugio Quintino Sella. The Felikjoch is the highest alpine tourist crossing. It connects the Mattertal Valley to the Val de Gressoney or the New Monte Rosa cabin with the Capanna Quintino Sella above the Zwilling and Felik glaciers. It is especially useful for those who want to climb Castor or the Liskamm from the Capanna Sella.
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Four in one go and one of them the Grenzgipfel: the ridge to the Dufourspitze, the highest summit in Switzerland, has four rises: the shoulder, the Grenzgipfel, the Ostspitze and the actual Dufourspitze. The first ascent of the Grenzgipfel was thus also the first ascent of the Dufourspitze. The insignificant 4000 m peak on the route to the Dufourspitze has often been confused with others on maps and in guides.
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The Hobärghorn is the third 4,000-metre summit of the Nadelgrat ridge, together with the Nadelhorn, Stecknadelhorn and Dirruhorn. The ridge is located in a somewhat hidden position to the north-west of the Mischabel group, between Saas-Fee and Randa.
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The Lenzspitze belongs to the Mischabel group, and is the most remote summit on the Nadelgrat, a high-level ridge running in the north-south direction, and is located to the north of the Dom. It is the fourth summit of the Mischabel chain. The Lenzspitze is one of the best-known summits in the Alps due to its shape – a perfectly shaped pyramid with sharp edges and steep faces.
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The Liskamm (often also written as Lyskamm) is located to the west of the Monte Rosa group. The East Summit (4,527 m above sea level) is the highest point of the ridge, which is several kilometres long and crowns the almost 1,000 m high ice-covered North-east face. The ascents over the ridges are long and dangerous, as the ridge has a tendency to form cornices, even though the climbs are not particularly difficult from a technical viewpoint.
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The Ludwigshöhe is one of the nine summits of the Monte Rosa Massif that is uniquely defined as a 4,000-metre summit. The border between Italy, with the Valle d'Aosta und Piedmont regions, and Switzerland runs over it. On the Italian side, facing south-east, the mountains falls steeply away in the direction of Ghiaccaio delle Piode.
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Together with the Stecknadelhorn, the Hobärghorn and the Dirruhorn, the Nadelhorn is the main summit of a total of 4 4,000-metre summits that together form the Nadelgrat, which lies in a hidden position, to the north-west of the Mischabel group, between Saas Fee and Randa. Its traverse is considered to be one of the most beautiful ridge hikes in the Alps. There is a characteristic rock hole below the summit. The Nadelhorn can be climbed on skis in winter, from the Bordierhütte cabin over the Windjoch col.
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The Nordend is the second-highest summit in Switzerland, is a neighbour of the Dufourspitze and the most northerly 4000-metre peak in the Monte Rosa Massif. It is surrounded by glaciers on the north and north-east sides and has an impressively powerful appearance.
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