Allalinhorn (4,027 m a.s.l.)
The Allalinhorn (or Allalin) is one of the easiest and popular 4,000-metre peaks in the Alps, because the Metro Alpin runs to just below the summit at almost 3,500 m a.s.l., and the summit itself can be reached from the mountain station in about two hours. The summit is located in the Mischabel ridge (Mischabelkamm) between the Saastal and Mattertal valleys, and is part of the Allalin group, which also includes the Alphubel, the Strahlhorn and the Rimpfischhorn. The Allalinhorn is a white peak between the mountaineering metropolises of Saas-Fee and Zermatt. As if from a cockpit, you can overlook almost the entire Western Alps from the Allalinhorn.
Origin of the name
The name Allalin not only refers to the mountain, but also to the area to the east of the summit. The origin of the name is disputed. On the one hand, the emphasis at the end of the word indicates a pre-German origin. On the other hand, the name Allalin led Christian Moritz Engelhardt to his “Saracen hypothesis” in 1840 “, according to which Saracens left behind a whole series of names in the Saastal valley and as far as the Simplon area in the 10th century. Engelhardt specifies the name as Alalain and traces this back to the Arabic “ala ain” (above the spring). Another interpretation comes from the year 1976. The writer Jules Guex based this interpretation on a letter from Johann Ulrich Hubschmied, which derived the name Allalin from the Celtic akarnos (“maple”). A diminutive version agarinus gradually changed into agalin, which means “small maple” in the Valle Verzasca. This became ayalin in the Saastal valley, which was not yet Germanised, from which Hubschmied constructed the hybrid form all’ayalin, which was later made into Allalin by the immigrating Alamannen. This interpretation was also not generally accepted. As there are no relevant historical documents, however, there is no unequivocal explanation.
History / legend
The mountain guide Camillo Supersaxo from Saas Fee has been on the Allalinhorn more than 1,000 times. To celebrate this jubilee, a mass was celebrated on the summit by Bishop Eldingen.
The Allalin Pass was crossed by Heinrich Michaelis and a guide as early as 1828, thereby opening up a route to the south-west ridge. The first ascent of the Allalinhorn via the same ridge was only successfully completed 28 years later however, when the pastor Johann Josef Imseng from Saas-Fee and his manservant Franz Josef Andenmatten led the Englishman Edward Levi Ames to the summit on the 28th August 1856.
The Bernese high school teacher and historian Heinrich Dübi ascended the summit via the difficult north-east ridge on the 27th July 1882 with the guides Alphons and Peter Supersaxo, and then descended via the Hohlaub ridge. Both ridges were thereby crossed for the first time.
The first solo winter ascent of the Allalinn was carried out by the Swiss R. Bracken in the year 1907, while the first ascent on skis was completed on the 17th April of the same year by A. Hurter und Max Stahel, both from Zurich, together with the locals Othmar and Oskar Supersaxo.
Different hiking tips with a view of the mountain
Weg der Stille (Gornergrat - Kelle - Grünsee)
Mountain railway offers
Saas-Fee (1,803 m a.s.l.)
Allalin middle station (3,460 m)
West flank (normal route)
Hohlaubgrat ridge (East Ridge)
South-west ridge from the Allalin Pass
Refreshment areas / mountain cabins
Allalin middle station (3,460 m)
|Mountain guides-Experiences / Tips||The Allalinhorn is the easiest 4,000 m mountain starting from Saas-Fee.|