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Breithorn (4,164 m a.s.l.)

The Breithorn is a mountain crest with multiple peaks and a large number of glaciers. The western summit is the highest, but is also considered to be the easiest to climb. The middle and east summit and the Breithorn Twins form a chain towards the east. The most easterly summit, which marks the end of the Breithorn, is the Schwarzfluh (Roccia Nera). The border between Valais and the Autonomous Region of Aosta and the main chain of the Alps runs over the Breithorn, which also represents the regional water and meteorological divide. 

Origin of the name 
The Breithorn received its name from the canon Josef Anton Berchtold due to the amazing breadth of the mountain. The naming of the mountains around Zermatt made great progress thanks to Berchtold. He was responsible for the appearance of a number of traditional Zermatt names on the Dufour map, the oldest official map of Switzerland. 

History / legend 
Zermatt mountain guides describe people who they could only guide on the Breithorn with a good conscience as “Breithoru-Liit” (Breithorn people). In July 1995, the Zermatt mountain guide Ulrich Inderbinen climbed the Breithorn and the Allalin more than a dozen times. He was 95 years old at the time. After a harmless fall on the return from the Breithorn, Inderbinen ended his 70-year career as a mountain guide in the summer of 1995.

Height

4,164 m a.s.l.

First climbed

13th August 1813

First climbed by

Henry Maynard, Joseph-Marie Couttet, Jean-Baptiste Erin, Jean-Jacques Erin, Jean Gras




Information for hikers

Different hiking tips with a view of the mountain

Matterhorn glacier trail (Schwarzsee paradise - Trockener Steg)
Säumerweg (mule trail) (Gandegg mountain cabin - Furi)

Mountain railway offers

Prices

Information for excursions

Information about the various peaks

You have a breathtaking view of the Breithorn from the Klein Matterhorn and can even observe alpinists ascending and descending.

Short, easy walks or hikes

Furi - Zermatt

Information for mountaineers / alpinists

Valley location

Zermatt (1,620 m a.s.l.)
Breuil-Cervinia (2,050 m a.s.l.)

Starting point

Klein Matterhorn (3,883 m a.s.l.)
Rifugio guide della Val d’Ayas (3,394 m a.s.l.)
Rifugio Mezzalama (3,004 m a.s.l.)
Testa Grigia (3,497 m a.s.l.)
Gandegghütte (3,029 m a.s.l.)

Various routes

The main summit, which is technically less demanding to climb, is frequently ascended using the cable car that leads to the Klein Matterhorn. The normal route leads from the south-west over the eternal snow of the Breithorn Plateau and, finally, climbs a 35-degree snow slope. Depending on condition, the ascent takes between one and a half and three hours. The danger of losing your way on the Breithorn Plateau is very high in poor visibility. As a variant, the west summit can also be climbed and crossed from the east via a narrow ridge. The starting point of the ridge is the col at 4,078 m a.s.l., from which the centre summit can also be climbed. The route over the col or to the centre summit is only suitable for sure-footed mountaineers with a good head for heights, however.

Refreshment areas / mountain cabins

Klein Matterhorn (3,883 m a.s.l.)
Rifugio guide della Val d’Ayas (3,394 m a.s.l.)
Rifugio Mezzalama (3,004 m a.s.l.)
Testa Grigia (3,497 m a.s.l.)
Gandegghütte (3,029 m a.s.l.)



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